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How to setup CI/CD Pipelines on NERC's OpenStack

This document will walk you through how to setup a minimal "CI/CD Pipeline To Deploy To Kubernetes Cluster Using a CI/CD tool called Jenkins" on your NERC's OpenStack environment. Jenkins uses the Kubernetes control plane on K8s Cluster to run pipeline tasks that enable DevOps to spend more time coding and testing and less time troubleshooting.


You need Kubernetes cluster running in your OpenStack environment. To setup your K8s cluster please Read this.

CI/CD Pipeline on NERC Figure: CI/CD Pipeline To Deploy To Kubernetes Cluster Using Jenkins on NERC

Please follow the following steps:

  • Install a Jenkins Server on one of your Worker Node on your K8s Cluster. This will act as both Jenkins master and slave in this case. But you can just setup a Jenkins Slave on one of your K8s worker node and the master on an external OpenStack Instance too.

  • Setup a Security Rules with the following rules and attach it to the worker node where you will install the Jenkins Server.

Jenkins Server Security Group

After SSH'ing to your worker node where you want to install the Jenkins server, To install a Jenkins server using Docker run the following command:

docker run -u 0 --privileged --name jenkins -it -d -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 \
    -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
    -v $(which docker):/usr/bin/docker \
    -v $(which kubectl):/usr/bin/kubectl \
    -v /home/jenkins_home:/var/jenkins_home \

Once successfully docker run, browse to http://<Worker_Node_Floating_IP>:8080 this will show you where to get the initial Administrator password to get started i.e. /var/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword as shown below:

Jenkins Successfully Installed

The /var/jenkins_home in Jenkins docker container is a mounted volume to the host's /home/jenkins_home so you can just browse to /home/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword on your ssh'ed host machine to copy the same content from /var/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword.

OR, you can run docker ps on worker node where you run the Jenkins server. Note the Name of the docker container and then run: docker logs -f <enkins_docker_container_name>. This will show the initial Administrator password on the terminal which you can copy and paste on the web GUI on the browser.

Initial Admin Password

The initial admin password can be found between the rows of asterisks.

  • Once you login to the Jenkins Web UI by entering the admin password shown on CLI terminal, click on the "Install suggested plugins" button as shown below:

Install Customize Jenkins Plugins

Customize Jenkins Installing Plugins

Continue by selecting 'Continue as admin' and then click the 'Save and Finish' button.

And then, Jenkins is ready to use as showing below:

Jenkins Get Started

  • Jenkins has a wide range of plugin options. From your Jenkins dashboard navigate to "Manage Jenkins > Manage Plugins" as shown below:

Jenkins Plugin Installation

Select the "Available" tab and then locate Docker pipeline by searching and then click "Install without restart" button as shown below:

Jenkins Required Plugin To Install

Also, install the Kubernetes CLI plugin that allows you to configure kubectl commands on Jenkinsfile to interact with Kubernetes clusters as shown below:

Install Kubernetes CLI

  • Create a global credential for your Docker Hub Registry by providing the username and password that will be used by the Jenkins pipelines:

    1. Click on the "Manage Jenkins" menu and then click on the "Manage Credentials" link as shown below: Manage Credentials

    2. Click on Jenkins Store as shown below: Jenkins Store

      The credentials can be added by clicking the 'Add Credentials' button in the left pane.

      Adding Credentials

  • First, add the 'DockerHub' credentials as 'Username and password' with the ID dockerhublogin.

    a. Select the Kind "Username and password" from the dropdown options.

    b. Provide your Docker Hub Registry's username and password.

    c. Give its ID and short description. ID is very important is that will need to be specify as used on your Jenkinsfile i.e. dockerhublogin.

    Docker Hub Credentials

  • Config the 'Kubeconfig' credentials as 'Secret file' that holds Kubeconfig file from K8s master i.e. located at /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf with the ID 'kubernetes'

    a. Click on the "Add Credentials" button in the left pane.

    b. Select the Kind "Secret file" from the dropdown options.

    c. On File section choose the config file that contains the EXACT content from your K8s master's kubeconfig file located at: /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf

    d. Give a ID and description that you will need to use on your Jenkinsfile i.e. kubernetes.

    Kubernetes Configuration Credentials

Once both credentials are successfully added the following credentials are shown:

Jenkins All Credentials

  • Write a Jenkins Pipeline Script file named as ‘Jenkinsfile’ as following:
pipeline {

  environment {
    dockerimagename = "milstein/nodeapp:${env.BUILD_NUMBER}"
    dockerImage = ""

  agent any

  stages {

    stage('Checkout Source') {
      steps {
        git branch: 'main', url: ''

    stage('Build image') {
        script {
          dockerImage = dockerimagename

    stage('Pushing Image') {
      environment {
        registryCredential = 'dockerhublogin'
        script {
          docker.withRegistry('', registryCredential){

    stage('Docker Remove Image') {
      steps {
        sh "docker rmi -f ${dockerimagename}"
        sh "docker rmi -f${dockerimagename}"

    stage('Deploying App to Kubernetes') {
      steps {
        sh "sed -i 's/nodeapp:latest/nodeapp:${env.BUILD_NUMBER}/g' deploymentservice.yml"
        withKubeConfig([credentialsId: 'kubernetes']) {
          sh 'kubectl apply -f deploymentservice.yml'

Very Important Information

Above added global credentials such as dockerhublogin is the ID given during the credential saving steps mentioned above. Similarly, kubernetes is the ID given for Kubeconfig credential file.

This Jenkinsfile is also located at the root of our demo application git repo from where we can reference on our Jenkins pipeline steps. For example, in this case we are using: as our git repo; where our Node.js application resides.

Other way to Generate Pipeline Jenkinsfile

You can generate your custom Jenkinsfile by clicking on "Pipeline Syntax" link shown when you create a new Pipeline when clicking the "New Item" menu link.

  • Once you review the provided Jenkinsfile and understand the stages, you can now create a pipeline to trigger it on your newly setup Jenkins server:

    a. Click on the "New Item" link.

    b. Select the "Pipeline" link.

    c. Give name to your Pipeline i.e. “jenkins-k8s-pipelineAdding Jenkins Credentials

    d. Select "Build Triggers" tab and then select Github hook tirgger for GITScm polling as shown below: Adding Github Build Trigger

    e. Select "Pipeline" tab and then select the "Pipeline script from SCM" from the dropdown options. Then you need to specify the Git as SCM and also "Repository URL" for your public git repo and also specify your branch and Jenkinsfile's name as shown below: Add Jenkins Pipeline Script From Git

    OR, You can copy/paste the content of your Jenkinsfile on the given textbox. Please make sure you are selecting the "Pipeline script" from the dropdown options. Add Jenkins Pipeline Script Content

    f. Click on "Save" button.

  • Finally, click on the "Build Now" menu link on right side navigation that will triggers the Pipeline process i.e. Build docker image, Push Image to your Docker Hub Registry and Pull the image from Docker Registry, Remove local Docker images and then Deploy to K8s Cluster as shown below:

Jenkins Pipeline Build Now

You can see the deployment to your K8s Cluster is successful then you can browse the output using http://<Worker_Node_Floating_IP>:<NodePort> as shown below:

K8s Deployed Node App

You can see the Console Output logs of this pipeline process by clicking the icon before the id of the started Pipeline on the right bottom corner.

Jenkins console

The pipeline stages after successful completion looks like below:

Jenkins Pipeline Stages Run Successful

We will continue on next documentation on how to setup GitHub Webhook in your Jenkins Pipeline so that Jenkins will trigger the build when a devops commits code to your GitHub repository's specific branch.