Skip to content

Format And Mount The Volume

Prerequisites:

Before formatting and mounting the volume, you need to have already created a new volume as referred here and attached it to any running VM, as described here.

For Linux based virtual machine

To verify that the newly created volume, "my-volume", exists and is attached to a VM, "test-vm", run this openstack client command:

openstack volume list
+--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+------+----------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name            | Status | Size | Attached to                      |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+------+----------------------------------+
| 563048c5-d27b-4397-bb4e-034e0f4d9fa7 |                 | in-use |   20 | Attached to test-vm on /dev/vda  |
| 5b5380bd-a15b-408b-8352-9d4219cf30f3 | my-volume       | in-use |   20 | Attached to test-vm on /dev/vdb  |
+--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+------+----------------------------------+

The volume has a status of "in-use" and "Attached To" column shows which instance it is attached to, and what device name it has.

This will be something like /dev/vdb but it can vary depending on the state of your instance, and whether you have attached volumes before.

Make note of the device name of your volume.

SSH into your instance. You should now see the volume as an additional disk in the output of sudo fdisk -l or lsblk or cat /proc/partitions.

# lsblk
NAME    MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
...
vda     254:0    0   10G  0 disk
├─vda1  254:1    0  9.9G  0 part /
├─vda14 254:14   0    4M  0 part
└─vda15 254:15   0  106M  0 part /boot/efi
vdb     254:16   0    1G  0 disk

Here, we see the volume as the disk vdb, which matches the /dev/vdb/ we previously noted in the "Attached To" column.

Create a filesystem on the volume and mount it. In this example, we will create an ext4 filesystem:

Run the following commands as root user:

mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb
mkdir /mnt/test_volume
mount /dev/vdb /mnt/test_volume
df -H

The volume is now available at the mount point:

lsblk
NAME    MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
...
vda     254:0    0   10G  0 disk
├─vda1  254:1    0  9.9G  0 part /
├─vda14 254:14   0    4M  0 part
└─vda15 254:15   0  106M  0 part /boot/efi
vdb     254:16   0    1G  0 disk /mnt/test_volume

If you place data in the directory /mnt/test_volume, detach the volume, and mount it to another instance, the second instance will have access to the data.

Important Note

In this case it's easy to spot because there is only one additional disk attached to the instance, but it's important to keep track of the device name, especially if you have multiple volumes attached.

For Windows virtual machine

Here, we create an empty volume following the steps outlined in this documentation.

Please make sure you are creating volume of the size 100 GB:

Create Volume for Windows VM

Then attach the newly created volume to a running Windows VM:

Attach Volume to a running Windows VM

Login remote desktop using the Floating IP attached to the Windows VM:

Connect to Remote Instance using Floating IP

Prompted Administrator Login

What is the user login for Windows Server 2022?

To connect with this Windows VM you need to contact us by emailing us at help@nerc.mghpcc.org or, by submitting a new ticket at the NERC's Support Ticketing System

Successfully Remote Connected Instance

Once connected search for "Disk Management" from Windows search box. This will show all attached disk as Unknown and Offline as shown here:

Windows Disk Management

In Disk Management, select and hold (or right-click) the disk you want to initialize, and then select "Initialize Disk". If the disk is listed as Offline, first select and hold (or right-click) the disk, and then select "Online".

Windows Set Disk Online

Windows Initialize Disk

In the Initialize Disk dialog box, make sure the correct disk is selected, and then choose OK to accept the default partition style. If you need to change the partition style (GPT or MBR), see Compare partition styles - GPT and MBR.

Windows Disk Partition Style

Format the New Volume:

  • Select and hold (or right-click) the unallocated space of the new disk.
  • Select "New Simple Volume" and follow the wizard to create a new partition.

Windows Simple Volume Wizard Start

  • Choose the file system (usually NTFS for Windows).
  • Assign a drive letter or mount point.

Complete Formatting:

  • Complete the wizard to format the new volume.

  • Once formatting is complete, the new volume should be visible in File Explorer as shown below:

Windows Simple Volume Wizard Start